Real Time Messaging Protocol (RTMP) is one of the most popular way for streaming video, audio or data between a Flash player and a server. You can easily have a private RTMP server using Nginx and a module of it called nginx-rtmp-module. This post will help you to setup a RTMP server following some simple steps. So no more chit-chat lets jump into it.

Prerequisites

You must have root privilege to complete this steps. I am on Ubuntu and using apt-get as my package manager but for other distribution of Linux I strongly hope that all command will be valid just replacing with the package manager and appropriate package name.

Installing dependencies

Run the following commands to compile Nginx with nginx-rtmp-module

sudo apt-get update;  
sudo apt-get install -y build-essential git libpcre3 \  
libpcre3-dev openssl libssl-dev zlibc zlib1g zlib1g-dev  

Compiling Nginx with RTMP Module

Now we compile Nginx with RTMP module. I use following configure command to compile Nginx. You can add or remove options according to your need

cd $HOME && cd nginx-*  
./configure --prefix=/etc/nginx \
--sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx \
--conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
--pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid \
--lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-http_realip_module \
--with-http_addition_module \
--with-http_sub_module \
--with-http_dav_module \
--with-http_flv_module \
--with-http_mp4_module \
--with-http_gunzip_module \
--with-http_gzip_static_module \
--with-http_random_index_module \
--with-http_secure_link_module \
--with-http_stub_status_module \
--with-file-aio \
--with-pcre \
--with-file-aio \
--with-http_spdy_module \
--with-cc-opt='-g -O2 -fstack-protector --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -DTCP_FASTOPEN=23' \
--with-ld-opt='-Wl,-z,relro -Wl,--as-needed -L /usr/lib' \
--with-ipv6 \
--with-debug \
--without-http_scgi_module \
--without-http_uwsgi_module \
--add-module=$HOME/nginx-rtmp-module
make  
sudo make install  


Now you have Nginx installed in your dev machine or server which running Ubuntu 14.04.

Configure RTMP Application

Configuring simple live RTMP application is so simple. To configure a RTMP live streaming application you need to edit nginx configuration file

sudo nano /etc/nginx/nginx.conf  

and under HTTP block paste the following piece of RTMP block to make a RTMP live streaming application called live.

rtmp {  
    server {
        listen 1935;
        application live {
            live on;
        }
    }
}

Restart nginx server by running the following command

sudo /usr/sbin/nginx -s stop && sudo /usr/sbin/nginx  


That all!! Now you have a private live streaming RTMP server running with Nginx. You can push your live video or audio stream to rtmp://your-ip-or-domainName:1935/live/{your-stream-name} using FFMpeg or GStreamer.

There are lots of directive to fine tune the RTMP application. You can find it from the Directive page of nginx-rtmp-module.

If you face any problem please leave a comment... I will respond for sure.

© 2016. All Rights Reserved.

Proudly published with Ghost